History: Historical articles on Fort Walsh

Reprinted from the December 1949 issue of Canadian Cattlemen

Historical Articles on Fort Walsh
By Senator F.W. Gershaw, Medicine Hat, Alta.

‘The great western march of the North West Mounted Police really ended in the late Fall of 1874 when they reached the foothills of the Rockies. Preparing for winter Fort Macleod was built. Shelter was first erected for the horses and then the officers and men. The I.G. Baker Stores were then under construction.

Colonel Macleod realized that the region of Cyprus Hills was a constant danger spot and in the Spring of 1875 Inspector Walsh was detailed to lead “B” company to the locality and to establish Fort Walsh. The great work of the N.W.M.P. was to introduce law and order in a land where crime for ages had gone unpunished. The Cypress Hills area was the gathering place for hostile Indian Tribes. It was close to the boundary line so whiskey traders and other undesirable characters came to exploit, rob, and often murder the primitive people. Inspector Walsh was an active and courageous officer and during his stay at the Fort he had many dangers and emergencies to deal with.’

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