SOP 1 Animal Health Management
Store animal health products according to label directions.
Record all individual animal or group treatments on a permanent record.
Use all products according to label directions, or in the case of extra-label use, according to a written veterinary prescription.
Securely restrain cattle to avoid potential bent or broken needles.
Make sure syringes and other equipment deliver the intended amount of product.
If a broken needle occurs, identify the suspect animal and record on a permanent record. If the animal is being sold, the next owner must be informed of the broken needle in the specific animal.
If treating with the wrong product or dosage, identify the animal, record the incidence, contact a veterinarian and record actions taken.
Keep a copy of any written veterinary prescriptions used within the last two years.
SOP 2 Feed and Water: Medicated and Non-Ruminant Feed
Copies of written and signed veterinary feed prescriptions are available for all extra-label use of feed or water medications.
Wood chips or wood shavings used for bedding contain no preservatives or other chemicals.
Feed delivery person is informed of unloading requirements for medicated feed or ingredients, including intended storage area or bin.
Delivery of medicated ingredients or medicated feed is cross-checked with ration or prescription.
Medicated ingredients and medicated feed have a separate and clearly labelled storage area or storage bins.
Equipment used for medicated feed or water is cleaned, flushed or a system of sequencing is used to avoid cross-contamination of non-medicated feed.
Scales used to mix medicated feed are tested for accuracy at least once per year.
Staff and/or family members understand mixing and feeding procedures for medicated feed and what to do if an error occurs.
Medications are mixed according to label directions and documented ration. Actual amounts mixed are recorded.
A system is in place to avoid delivery of medicated feed to unintended cattle.
Reprocessed or flushed feed is used or disposed in a manner to prevent contamination of other feedstuffs.
Cattle pens are clearly identified to ensure medicated feed rations are delivered to the right cattle.
Medicated feed or water is fed according to label directions or written veterinary prescription.
Amount of medicated feed fed per pen or group is recorded (see sample record).
If feed is mixed with the incorrect amount of medication or wrong product, record the incidence, consult a veterinarian and record actions taken. If medicated rations or water are fed to the wrong cattle, record the incidence and actions taken.
Feeds containing prohibited material (ruminant by-products) are not fed to beef cattle.
Annual Prohibited Feed Affidavit from commercial feed suppliers for feed containing protein supplements is available.
All non-ruminant feed is stored separately and clearly labelled to avoid inadvertent feeding to cattle, or cross-contamination with ruminant feeds.
Separate equipment is used for receiving (ie. auger), mixing and feeding non-ruminant feed to prevent cross-contamination of cattle feed.
Cattle have not had access to non-ruminant feed (poultry, hog, horse, pet). If so, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is contacted.
SOP 3 Cattle Shipping
A records check for all drug withdrawal requirements and broken needles is completed before cattle are shipped to slaughter.
The check for drug withdrawal requirements is identified in a record, with date and initials. If cattle are being shipped or sold other than directly to slaughter, and they have not met their drug withdrawal times, then the next owner is informed.
If cattle contain a broken needle, next owner is informed including identification of the animal. If cattle are inadvertently shipped without meeting withdrawal times, next owner or slaughter plant is informed and this contact date/information is recorded.
SOP 4 Pesticide Control and Manure
Herbicides, pesticides, solvents and treated seed are stored to avoid contamination of cattle feed or water.
Herbicides and pesticides used on pasture or hay fields within the operation are applied according to label directions and usage is recorded.
Records regarding herbicide use on pasture are checked before cattle are allowed access.
If a potential cattle exposure has occurred, an expert (eg. veterinarian or toxicologist) is contacted for recommended procedures or actions. Actions taken are recorded.
Pens holding cattle destined for slaughter are subject to manure removal at least once annually.
SOP 5 Training and Communication
One person in the beef cattle operation has been trained in the VBP program.
Family members and/or staff understand their tasks relating to SOPs and Must Do requirements of the VBP program.
Someone is designated from your beef cattle operation to review Must Do VBP requirements each year.
Information is recorded if problems or errors with the Must Do requirements (grey shaded areas), including actions taken.
This checklist of Standard Operating Procedures is drawn from the Verified Beef Production program under the Quality Starts Here initiative.